AD LDS Windows 10 gives the name implies AD LDS (Active Directory LightWeight Directory Services) is a directory tool that uses Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP). Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) is a standard protocol for client and server based on TCP / IP that is also used by various applications and solutions, LDAP also defines good naming and storage for objects in Active Directory, provides methods to access, search and modify the information stored in a directory.
AD LDS or also often called Active Directory LightWeight Directory Services itself can be said as LDAP Directory Services. Which is where AD LDS itself runs above LDAP. Some of the capabilities of AD LDS (Active Directory LightWeight Directory Services), that is we can use it when the application we are using cannot use AD DS directly (querying it to directories via AD LDS instead of AD DS), we can also run several AD LDS instances on one computer, it doesn’t need DNS infrastructure, unlike AD DS which is integrated with DNS.
What is AD LDS Windows 10?
AD LDS (Active Directory LightWeight Directory Services) can also store information about Users, it can also store configurations from an application that is usually located on the DMZ (delimetary zone / perimeter network) where we usually don’t install AD DS there, save the authentication web and directory for email. AD LDS (Active Directory LightWeight Directory Services) works by hierarchically storing data in the directory it has.
This hierarchical file storage using Extensible Storage Engine for its file storage. By default the data is stored in:% program files% \ Microsoft ADAM \ [AD LDS Instance Name] \ data \ adamntds.dit. This data can be accessed using LDAP via TCP / IP by any application that wants to use this AD LDS (Active Directory LightWeight Directory Services). The storage is organized in 3 partition types: Configuration, Schema and Application IN AD LDS Windows 10.
AD LDS Schema describes the types of objects and data that can be created and stored in AD LDS instances using Object class and attributes, the difference from Schema Partition with Application Partition is Schema partition: definitions of automobile class objects, Application partition: directory object based on automobile class objects, schema partitions based on definitions of class objects, while directory object partition applications are from class objects, more or less the same as AD DS.
You might want to read more about the release of the AD LDS Windows 10 product for a detailed explanation.
Active Directory and Lightweight Directory Services Wizards are used to create new AD LDS instances and to create replicas or replicas of AD LDS instances. ADSIEdit is used to modify data and view data. LDP is used to create partition application instances, change data and view data. LDIFDE and CSVDE command line tools are used to import and export data. DSACLS is used to view or give permissions.
AdamSync is used to synchronize instances of AD DS to AD LDS Windows 10. ADSchemaAnalyzer is used for AD Schema migration to ADAM. AD LDS (Active Directory LightWeight Directory Services) instance in it runs a copy of AD LDS Service, which consists of Directory Service, Data Store and Communication Interface. Single AD LDS Instance also consists of several partitions: Application Partition, Configuration Partition and Schema Partition. AD LDS Application Partition stores data used by partitions, in one instance it can consist of several application partitions.
AD LDS User and Groups provides 4 default roles and default member from configuration. AD LDS (Active Directory LightWeight Directory Services) Replication is almost the same as the Domain Controller in AD DS but here it is called an instance, uses multimaster replication (changes in one instance are replicated to another instance), all instances can be changed, instances can be placed in different servers or the same, different from DC, in one DC there can only be in AD LDS Windows 10.