AD Tools, which stands for Active Directory Tools, is a directory service. These Active Directory Tools are usually owned by Microsoft Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2000 network operating systems consisting of databases and directory services. Active Directory which is a directory service that has the ability to store configurations on the network.
Both user, group, computer, hardware, and various security policies in one centralized database. Active Directory Tools have a very important role in the network. This role can be likened to a telephone book that can store address lists in important information so that it can recognize various objects in the network. The database that is owned by Active Directory will store all the resources contained in the network.
These resources are like computers that have been incorporated into a domain or list of user accounts and groups of users and shared folders. Meanwhile, the directory service that is owned by Active Directory Tools will make the information stored in the database be able to be accessed by users and permitted applications.
This Active Directory Tools is actually more an implementation of the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) protocol at Microsoft. Currently these more dominant Active Directory tools used are Active Directory Windows for both AD Tool Windows 10, AD Tools Windows 7, AD Tool Windows 8 and AD Tool Windows Server.
AD Tools Windows has 5 very useful features. Each of the AD Tool Windows has a role in increasing Active Directory. The Active Directory Windows features include ADDS or Active Directory Domain Services, ADCS or Active Directory Certificate Services, ADRMS or Active Directory Right Management Services, ADFS or Active Directory Federation Services, and ADLDS or Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services. Active Directory Domain Services facilities will play an important role in the Windows server operating system that can provide an access security security that is managed in a sophisticated infrastructure.
AD Tools Windows Features
ADDS in Active Directory Windows can provide a distribution database that stores and manages information about networks and applications used. AD Tools Windows will recognize a user and the rights he has based on the user and group that he has created. By default, the computer will provide two user accounts and several account groups. The user account provided by AD Tools Windows is a user administrator and guest user. Some accounts can be combined in one group which functions to group accounts into a certain group according to the rights granted.
LDAP in AD Tools Windows is a software protocol that can be used and allows for everyone to find resources for both organizations and individuals. For example such as files or printers on the network either on the internet or intranet. The LDAP protocol in AD Tools Windows forms a directory that contains tree hierarchies that have branches, ranging from countries (countries), organizations, departments to individuals. By using LDAP, someone can search for information about other people without knowing the location of the person to be searched for.
Active Directory is a directory service that stores network configurations both user, group, computer, hardware, and various security policies in one centralized database. The main role of Active Directory is to provide a means to centrally administer the network at both the domain and cross domain level, as long as the inter-domain is still in one forest.
Features offered in Active Directory in general include: Simplified Administration: Active Directory provides “single point” in terms of administration of all network resources. An administrator can log in from any computer on the network and configure objects and every computer on the network. Scalability: Active Directory is able to manage up to millions of objects, compared to the Windows NT architecture which “only” can handle a maximum of 40000 objects in one domain.
Open Standard: Active Directory is compatible and supports various existing standard protocols and technologies, including LDAP and LDIF, so Active Directory can communicate with Novell Directory Service and other technologies that use LDAP. HTTP support allows Active Directory to be accessed from web browsers and various data access programming languages. Windows 2000 also adopted Kerberos 5 as its authentication protocol, making it compatible with various products that use similar protocols. The domain naming system in AD uses a standard DNS name, so the Windows 2000 domain name is the domain naming standard used on the internet, so it’s easier to connect to the internet.
The Structure of an AD Tools
AD Tools Windows consists of various objects that are representations of objects contained in the network both hardware, user, and domain. Object is a term used to refer to a particular unit. The unit is found on the network, for example a user, group, printer, or shared folder. There are also containers which are “containers” filled with various objects inside. The Organizational Unit (OU) is a representation of a container which contains various kinds of objects. OU is the smallest unit where the Polivy Group settings in AD can be applied.
Usually the OU reflects certain organizational unity in the network, for example OU can be defined for Sales, Marketing, Directors, and so on. The domain is the smallest network unit, which contains various objects and OU. Domain is a security boundary, so that all objects in one domain are within the same security authority. An organization can have more than one domain in its network, depending on business needs and security policies.
Tree: is a combination of several domains, each of which is still in one parent namespace. Forest: some trees can join into a forest and each of these domains uses different namspace. Domains in one forest use the same global catalog, so that configuration information and network objects between domains in one forest can be exchanged and accessed centrally.
The main role of Active Directory Windows is to provide a means to centrally administer the network at both the domain and cross domain level, as long as the inter-domain is still in one forest. If your computer / notebook has been using Active Directory (AD), the use of printers, e-mails or applications, or the LDAP support engine can be stored and operated centrally.
This will facilitate the maintenance of hardware / software, accelerate the handling of disturbances, or supervise the use of computers, make policies on computer usage, and facilitate the deployment of applications. Especially for companies that have branches outside the city of course with optimized Active Directory will cut transportation and accommodation costs for employees. Active Directory can deploy applications, upgrade Windows, or even install the OS.
Using Windows AD Tools
In its use there are several advantages and disadvantages of Active Directory or AD. The advantages include not requiring the physical presence of the administrator anymore. Because computers, groups and user configurations can be done remotely. This can happen because of a Global Catalog that always stores network objects and computer configurations. Although it does not need to come physically, administrators can still enter or log in from any computer furniture while they are still in the network.
In addition, it can still run configurations on objects on each network computer. Not only that, Active Directory can also manage millions of objects. This is very different from the architecture on Windows NT. This system only has the maximum ability to handle as many as 40 thousand objects in each domain. The next advantage, Active Directory is very compatible with a variety of standard and protocol technologies. For example LDIF and LDAP. So that Active Directory can be used to communicate with other technologies and the Novell Directory Service. Meanwhile, for its weaknesses, Active Directory must provide a special server, namely Domain Controllers.
For some companies, especially those with small scale, the budget that must be spent will definitely be expensive and high. In addition, Active Directory will be very complex if used in large environments. Even need to be aware too, the data is very risky to leak. If the nature of the secret will definitely harm the party who uses it. Those are some of the advantages and disadvantages of AD Tools which are usually experienced by the users.
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